3 types of medical tourism in the world

Meta: Medical tourism has become quite popular, but do you really understand it yet

Medical tourism has its origins in ancient Greece and Rome, and recently, medical tourism has become an emerging service industry on a global scale. Medical tourism is consistent with the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) of the World Trade Organization (WTO), and is developing in three main categories.

Development history of medical tourism

Medical tourism history has taken place during the ancient Greek and Roman period. During this period, medical tourism began with the emergence of spas and wellness resorts, home to hot spring water and extremely popular bathrooms. Legend has it that the bathroom is said to be sacred and connects people with their gods.

By the 19th century, most of the religious beliefs about bathrooms had declined and were replaced by hot spring baths, primarily devoted to hydrotherapy. Hydrotherapy is known to many tourists to treat a wide range of ailments, particularly rheumatism and neuropathy.

In the 20th century, medical tourism was widely known around the world. This century is considered to be the century of innovation in the medical tourism field. Countries like Brazil have created their own specialties in the health sector. Jamaica or Cuba has become famous for their beauty tricks because they are experts in them in Latin countries. The 20th century saw the expansion of medical tourism from North America to Europe and Asia.

In the 21st century, most countries have actively engaged in medical tourism. Among travel-related activities, tourists stay at least one night in one place for the purpose of maintaining, improving or restoring wellness through medical care interventions. Medical tourism in the 21st century is constantly evolving and has become an industry with a large scale, outstanding and independent from the tourism industry. The main causes of medical tourism development are lower costs of treatment in the tourist destination or lack of treatment options in the host countries. One study  found that 40% of patients who travel abroad for treatment are due to wanting to use advanced medical technology in the host country, while 32% seek health care services.

Three types of medical tourism

In recent years, many countries have accelerated efforts to develop medical tourism, from technology investment to the recognition of hospitals that qualify for technical expertise and appropriate infrastructure for development. medical tourism declaration. At present, Asian countries are leading in attracting medical tourists such as Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, India, South Korea, and a few countries in Europe and Latin America such as Romania. Costa Rica also rose to the top of the top rankings for medical tourism. This particular industry has both supply and demand factors that stimulate its growth. Some countries like Columbia, Pakistan, China, Bolivia and Brazil are stepping up their marketing for organ donation, while Southeast Asian countries are focusing on heart surgery in addition to spas and wellness.

Domestic medical tourism

This term applies to individuals traveling from one province, city or state to another province, city or state within their home country to find and use health care services. Originally, the term was used in the United States, for US citizens crossing state boundaries or from city to city for medical care purposes.

The advantage of domestic  medical tourism is that the travel distance is shorter and faster than transboundary medical travel. Not only that, domestic medical tourism also helps limit foreign currency loss abroad.

Cross-border medical tourism

This type is quite well known in the European Union countries, where workers, migrants and retirees travel from country to country for medical care. This type of international medical tourism requires tourists to travel longer distances and take longer. Almost all European countries have health care systems with high levels of universal coverage, but in some cases European citizens can seek health care in other countries. other EU member states. Germany, Spain, Hungary and Belgium provide good infrastructure and attract patients from abroad for treatment. Cross-border medical tourism has become extremely popular in recent years and has become a special industry on coverage globally, especially in developing countries.

Medical tourism “Diaspora”

 Diaspora can include: combination of family visit, cultural heritage tourism, medical tourism, business travel. This type of medical tourism is often used by the first or second generation of immigrants who travel within the country or internationally.

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