The role of the health sector in socio-economic development

Meta: One of the most important industries for socioeconomic development is the health sector. So what roles does it play for that development?

Keyword: Medical industry

Referring to the medical industry, people often only think of it with the mission of taking care of human health. Is it really the medical industry that only brings benefits to human health? The medical industry is very important to human health is an undeniable fact. However, it does not stop there, it is also very important to socio-economic development. Bring the country to increasingly sustainable development, keep pace with other countries. Let’s learn about the benefits that it can bring to the country’s economy.

       Health plays a huge role in socio-economic development

Human health care industry

Each profession has its own purpose with certain roles for national development and human development in each specific stage. Each industry is also developed to serve the country’s increasingly strong development.

Health is known as a human health care service as well as one of the services required to develop above an economic level to ensure people’s lives as well as their survival. of mankind. The applications of science and technology always focus on the medical applications a lot and are of top priority.

The health sector plays an important role in community health care, disease treatment, and human health assurance for studying and working. That is why we can assert that the health sector has a huge role in socio-economic development.

Health for integrated economic development

To be able to ensure facilities and services, it is necessary to have strategies, technology and science applications. This is considered as one of the areas that can attract investment from foreign units.

Given the importance of such a health sector, a series of medical schools always offer policies to improve the quality of teaching to be able to train many talents to benefit the country.

The diversity of careers in medical and pharmaceutical training is extremely important, it helps the medical industry to develop more comprehensively and better care for the public health.

Health for a sustainable society

People are the subjects of society, able to make decisions that change in terms of economic morphology. Because of this, we can see that ensuring people in good health will help the economy to develop sustainably. Moreover, when employees can love their work, we can be assured of economic development, we also reduce unnecessary funds for health and health care policies. Because it is often said that with health, there will be everything, with human health to be able to work, to improve labor productivity, increase income and improve quality of life.

             No one can deny the great role of the health sector

Health guarantee for quality of life

Health makes it possible for us to examine and cure people in different cases. This is one of the issues that should be placed on top of all units of different countries. The human body is always subject to many risks of disease. Health will help us to prevent and cure diseases of our people. That is why it is always possible to ensure the best quality of life. No one can deny the great role that the health sector brings to society.

Health helps things innovate

Scientific research and technology are applied a lot in life thanks to economic integration policy. This has made it possible for us to learn about social and economic development in the doi moi period. Especially about the health care service industry. Not just a service but also extremely important for the development of the country’s economy and people.

In the new era, the health sector is more and more essential for people to have the best health to contribute to society. The medical industry applies scientific equipment to develop more. When the health of people becomes stable, of course, all economic and social activities are strongly promoted.

A country that wants to have strong and long-term development needs to pay more attention to the health sector. In order for the country to develop its economy and keep the country up to the trends of humanity, health is one of the services that need to be paid first attention and always hold an important position. With such huge roles, people are also very interested in this industry today. Hopefully, through the information shared above, it will help you gain more understanding about the role of the health sector. And also through that you should also be conscious to develop more and more sustainable health.

Top 7 countries with the best healthcare in the world

Meta: Our post below will list 10 countries with the best healthcare in the world for those who want to be more assured of their health.

Health is the first concern of people that any individual, organization or country always focuses on protecting. Therefore, all countries in the world always try their best to develop their healthcare sýtems. So let us explore 7 countries with the best health systems in the world today.

Malaysia

At the top of the list is beautiful Malaysia. This country is considered to be the country of “explosion” of best health services. Here, patients feel like they are especially interested in the patient reception areas at the airport and directly transferred to the medical facilities that patients need.

Malaysia-the country has the best healthcare in the world today/Ph.ongbachau.com

Most hospitals meet high standards, in which Malaysia has up to 8 hospitals certified by Joint Commission International – a gold certificate for US healthcare providers.

Selayang Hospital – located on the outskirts of Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia) is the first hospital in the world that does not use paper record-keeping but automates patient information based on barcode systems. 

During medical examination and treatment, doctors only need to scan the barcode that has been provided on the patient’s hand to look up or add the necessary information.

With a team of highly trained doctors from famous universities in the US, UK, France or a specialized hospital system using 22 different languages, will satisfy even difficult foreign patients.

Columbia

Columbia is ranked highly by the World Health Organization (WHO), even higher than in developed countries. 

The biggest advantage of medical services in Columbia compared to other countries is the investment and support from the Government. Even health insurance services – a form that requires all citizens to buy, is charged at a very low rate, ranging around 12%, according to the payroll of a retired person.

Additional health insurance premium only needs to pay about $ 400 for two people with no time or age restrictions and can be used in most Latin American countries.

Costa Rica

Ranked third in Costa Rica, currently has 4.7 million population and is a country with a famous safety system in the world with a model of universalization and solidarity throughout the country.

The cost of 11% of your monthly income is the floor you pay for public health services for two in Costa Rica. In addition, all doctor visits and expenses during treatment are covered by insurance.

Panama

There is no need for a referral and being able to travel across the country (both public and private) for medical examination and treatment is a great advantage that health care services of Panama can bring. friend.

With only 25 USD for one X-ray, 30 USD for a mammogram, 5 USD for the blood test, the patient is diagnosed and treated by the best doctors and the most modern machines.

Mexico

Since 2003, Mexico has implemented comprehensive health reform, highlighting the role of the Universal Health Insurance (Seguro Popular program) to ensure social security, regardless of status and occupation, industry, affordability.

With the Seguro Popular program, Mexico started offering free treatment for certain diseases such as testicular and prostate cancer, bone marrow transplantation, and breast cancer. Children under 18 years old are fully supported for diseases related to tumours, cancer.

Thanks to this policy, people with cancer feel much more optimistic and secure to be able to fight the evil disease to the last moment.

Sweden

Sweden – The regional government in Sweden is responsible for financing and providing medical services. The local government takes care of the elderly and the disabled.

Insurance is available to all legal residents of Sweden. Immigrant or undocumented children still have the right to health care. Thus, Sweden is one of the most developed countries in the world.

Like other countries in Northern Europe, Sweden is one of the countries with the highest quality of life and health in the ranking. Swedish men have the fourth-longest life expectancy in the world, with an average age of 80.7 years.

Germany 

Germany – Health insurance is compulsory for all citizens and immigrants. Germany has two insurance systems: Regulatory Health Insurance (SHI) and Private Medical Insurance (PHI). SHI covers all hospital health care services. PHI may provide a broader range of services.

Germany’s leading hospital with modern medical system/Ph.Mediglobus.com

Regardless of being a fan of beer and sausages, Germans remain some of the healthiest in the world. The average life expectancy of the people of this country is 81 years old.

The German healthcare system is arguably one of the best in the world, supported by a dense network of well-trained doctors.

We hope that you can find a country with the best medical services that suits you.

The problems have challenged the global health sector in recent years

Meta: Global health and health care challenges in recent years have been highlighted by the World Health Organization (WHO). Let’s find out how these problems affect the health sector.

The world is facing many health challenges, from outbreaks of vaccine preventable diseases such as measles and diphtheria, the rise of drug-resistant microorganisms, increased rates of obesity and physical inactivity on health impacts from environmental pollution, climate change and humanitarian crises. To address these and other threats, 2019 is the start of the World Health Organization’s 5-year Strategic Plan – 13th Joint Work Program. focus on three 1 billion targets on all 3 indicators: ensure 1 billion more people benefit from universal health coverage, 1 billion more people protected from medical emergencies and 1 billion more people achieve better mental and physical health. To achieve this goal, health threats from a variety of perspectives need to be addressed. This article will talk about the issues that the World Health Organization and its partners in the health sector need to be concerned about in recent years.

Air pollution and climate change

According to WHO, the level of air pollution remains dangerously high in many parts of the world. New data from WHO shows that 9 out of 10 people who breathe air contain high pollutants. Contaminants with very small size such as PM10 and PM25 in the air can penetrate the respiratory and circulatory system and harm the lungs, heart and brain. The main cause of air pollution is the use of fossil fuels,, causing climate change, affecting health. Projections for the period 2030 to 2050, climate change could cause 250,000 deaths per year from related factors such as malnutrition, malaria, diarrhea, and heat stroke. In 2019, air pollution is considered by WHO as the biggest risk to human health. The alarming estimates that 7 million people die each year from outdoor and household air pollution are linked to diseases like cancer, stroke, heart and lung disease. About 90% of these deaths are in low- and middle-income countries, with large amounts of emissions from industries, transportation, agriculture, and cooking using charcoal.

Delhi city, India with serious air pollution caused by exhaust gas from vehicles

Non-communicable diseases

Non-communicable diseases such as diabetes, cancer and heart disease cause more than 70% of deaths worldwide, equivalent to 41 million people, of which up to 15 million die prematurely within the age of 30 to 69. More than 85% of premature deaths occur in low-income and middle-income countries. Five main risk factors contribute to the increase in these diseases: smoking, less physical activity, harmful alcohol consumption, unhealthy diet and air pollution. These risk factors also exacerbate mental health problems, which can germinate at a young age: Half of all patients with psychiatric illness that started before age 14, however Most of these cases go undetected or treated. Suicide is the second leading cause of death between the ages of 15-19.

Non-communicable diseases cause more than 70% of deaths worldwide

Global pandemic flu influenza

The world will face another flu pandemic – the only thing we don’t know yet is when a pandemic happens and how serious it will be. The World Health Organization is constantly monitoring the circulation of influenza viruses to detect potential pandemic strains: 153 research institutes in 114 countries have participated in the global surveillance and response system. Every year, the World Health Organization recommends the strains to be included in the production of flu vaccines to protect people against seasonal flu. In the event of a new influenza strain with pandemic potential, the World Health Organization will form a special partnership with key partners to ensure that people have timely and equitable access to diagnostic services antivirals, vaccines and therapies, especially in developing countries.

Flu epidemics happen every year, everywhere and children are the most vulnerable

Difficult living environment

More than 1.6 billion people (22% of the global population) live in areas of prolonged crisis (with numerous challenges such as drought, famine, conflict and evacuation) and weak health services. Poor access to basic health care services. Fragile habitats exist in most regions of the world – where more than half of the key UN Sustainable Development Goals, including maternal and child health, are not yet covered response. The World Health Organization will continue to work in these countries to strengthen the health system to better prepare for disease detection and response, as well as the ability to provide quality health services high quality, including vaccinations.

More than 1.6 billion people are living in places with difficult living conditions such as drought, famine, conflict and immigration status, and limited health care

Above are detailed information about the challenges facing the global health sector in recent years. Every country government needs to support the health sector to solve these problems as quickly as possible.

3 types of medical tourism in the world

Meta: Medical tourism has become quite popular, but do you really understand it yet

Medical tourism has its origins in ancient Greece and Rome, and recently, medical tourism has become an emerging service industry on a global scale. Medical tourism is consistent with the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) of the World Trade Organization (WTO), and is developing in three main categories.

Development history of medical tourism

Medical tourism history has taken place during the ancient Greek and Roman period. During this period, medical tourism began with the emergence of spas and wellness resorts, home to hot spring water and extremely popular bathrooms. Legend has it that the bathroom is said to be sacred and connects people with their gods.

By the 19th century, most of the religious beliefs about bathrooms had declined and were replaced by hot spring baths, primarily devoted to hydrotherapy. Hydrotherapy is known to many tourists to treat a wide range of ailments, particularly rheumatism and neuropathy.

In the 20th century, medical tourism was widely known around the world. This century is considered to be the century of innovation in the medical tourism field. Countries like Brazil have created their own specialties in the health sector. Jamaica or Cuba has become famous for their beauty tricks because they are experts in them in Latin countries. The 20th century saw the expansion of medical tourism from North America to Europe and Asia.

In the 21st century, most countries have actively engaged in medical tourism. Among travel-related activities, tourists stay at least one night in one place for the purpose of maintaining, improving or restoring wellness through medical care interventions. Medical tourism in the 21st century is constantly evolving and has become an industry with a large scale, outstanding and independent from the tourism industry. The main causes of medical tourism development are lower costs of treatment in the tourist destination or lack of treatment options in the host countries. One study  found that 40% of patients who travel abroad for treatment are due to wanting to use advanced medical technology in the host country, while 32% seek health care services.

Three types of medical tourism

In recent years, many countries have accelerated efforts to develop medical tourism, from technology investment to the recognition of hospitals that qualify for technical expertise and appropriate infrastructure for development. medical tourism declaration. At present, Asian countries are leading in attracting medical tourists such as Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, India, South Korea, and a few countries in Europe and Latin America such as Romania. Costa Rica also rose to the top of the top rankings for medical tourism. This particular industry has both supply and demand factors that stimulate its growth. Some countries like Columbia, Pakistan, China, Bolivia and Brazil are stepping up their marketing for organ donation, while Southeast Asian countries are focusing on heart surgery in addition to spas and wellness.

Domestic medical tourism

This term applies to individuals traveling from one province, city or state to another province, city or state within their home country to find and use health care services. Originally, the term was used in the United States, for US citizens crossing state boundaries or from city to city for medical care purposes.

The advantage of domestic  medical tourism is that the travel distance is shorter and faster than transboundary medical travel. Not only that, domestic medical tourism also helps limit foreign currency loss abroad.

Cross-border medical tourism

This type is quite well known in the European Union countries, where workers, migrants and retirees travel from country to country for medical care. This type of international medical tourism requires tourists to travel longer distances and take longer. Almost all European countries have health care systems with high levels of universal coverage, but in some cases European citizens can seek health care in other countries. other EU member states. Germany, Spain, Hungary and Belgium provide good infrastructure and attract patients from abroad for treatment. Cross-border medical tourism has become extremely popular in recent years and has become a special industry on coverage globally, especially in developing countries.

Medical tourism “Diaspora”

 Diaspora can include: combination of family visit, cultural heritage tourism, medical tourism, business travel. This type of medical tourism is often used by the first or second generation of immigrants who travel within the country or internationally.

Medical tourism is booming in Southeast Asia

Meta: People increasingly have high demands on medical service because they want to have experience with the best quality services. Therefore, the medical tourism trend becomes more developed, especially in Southeast Asian countries.

Keyword: Medical tourism in ASEAN

Health care services are interested by people in many countries, especially in countries with many prestigious hospitals and certified by international organizations such as Singapore, Thailand and Malaysia. So, medical tourism in Southeast Asian countries how developed is?

Medical tourism is understood as a person traveling to another country for medical care or treatment in combination with tourism (if the illness is not serious). In the past, this phrase was often understood to mean people from underdeveloped countries to major medical centers in developed countries to enjoy superior medical services, complex treatment regimens without available in their country. 

In recent years, medical tourism is often understood as people in the developed world who travel to developing countries to receive lower cost medical treatment, care, or to receive services. The factors that have made medical tourism so strong in recent times are the high cost of medical treatment and the long waiting time to receive certain treatments in the developed world, International travel has become easier and less costly, as well as improvements in technology and standards of healthcare in many developing countries.

Medical tourism is booming in Southeast Asia

These provide a variety of medical services at competitive costs but still ensure good quality. With beautiful islands, beaches, diverse cuisine and culture, Southeast Asian countries are also perfect for resting and recovering from treatment.

Gernot Ringling, director of the company Messe Dusseldorf Asia fair, said nearly a third of the 11 million tourists in the global medical tourism group each year go to Southeast Asia. The top destinations for medical tourism in Southeast Asia are Thailand, Singapore and Malaysia. Over the years, these three countries have taken a number of initiatives to strengthen their health care capacity and improve health infrastructure, including medical facilities, to gain market share in this growing health tourism.

Singapore is one of the destinations of medical tourism in Asia and is also the most sought-after by international patients from developed countries in Southeast Asia. Singapore is also the choice for complex treatment cases because it has well-equipped medical facilities with state-of-the-art equipment and a team of highly skilled medical doctors.

Singapore is the destination for complex treatment./Photo:insmart.com.vn

In addition, there are new drugs that have been licensed for use in Singapore but have not yet been licensed in many countries in the region, so many patients in the region choose Singapore instead of having to go to the US to be treated with that medicine.

Medical providers in Singapore are continuing to innovate and apply new medical technologies to improve treatment capacity. Over the years, STB has worked closely with private healthcare providers to expand their reach in key markets and promote Singapore as a destination for medical tourism. high-end economy. However, the country’s high cost of treatment and living is a barrier for many foreign patients who are not really rich.

Malaysia is also one of the favorite medical tourism destinations in the region thanks to its affordable, competitive health care services while maintaining world-class quality.

Malaysia is the soft price choice./ Photo: tourdulichmalaysia.vn

 

Malaysia’s Ministry of Health has issued many mandatory and strict regulations to ensure the health sector has to adhere to high standards of care and ensure patient safety. Medical Tourism Board Malaysia (MHTC) CEO Sherene Azli said in 2016, an estimated 900,000 foreign tourists came to Malaysia for medical care and treatment, generating a record 238.8 revenue million US dollars to Malaysia.

In Thailand, medical tourism is also thriving thanks to many hospitals providing high quality medical services at low cost, only equivalent to 30-50% compared to Western countries. For example, the cost of a hip replacement surgery at a hospital in Bangkok is only half that in the US. Those concerned about safety and professionalism can choose from 33 quality hospitals and clinics in Thailand that are accredited by Joint Commission International.

Thailand is the destination of plastic surgery./Photo: manam.vn

 

Foreign tourists often choose Thailand as a favorite medical travel destination for plastic surgery, dental care, cardiovascular disease, orthopedic, and infertility treatment. Thailand has been particularly successful with plastic and plastic surgery tourism.
It is the improvement and desire to develop high-level health services that Southeast Asian countries are increasingly making great progress in the health sector.

 

The main applications of artificial intelligence in medicine

Meta: Artificial intelligence (AI) is a computer technology that has been widely used in the medical field to improve clinical expertise and efficiency. So, what are the main applications of AI in medicine?

The great advances in computer science, automation, and especially artificial intelligence (AI) have had an impact in medicine and health care. It is predicted that AI will revolutionize the medical industry, change the way of diagnosis and treatment, monitoring, and care of patients. Let’s discover the most prominent applications of artificial intelligence in medicine.

Apply AI in ophthalmology

AI has been used clinically to detect retinopathy and increase the accuracy of the selection of artificial crystalline lens capacities. Today, AI can automate clinical iterations, significantly expand the data processing capabilities of researchers and physicians. As a result, AI helps increase productivity and efficiency in all areas of ophthalmology, especially when integrated with primary eye care clinics and systems. 

However, AI can not replace an ophthalmologist. Instead, it is used as a powerful tool to handle routine tasks. The doctors will spend those time to focus on the cases that require high diagnostic skills and expertise. Combining human creativity with artificial intelligence can create new operating models that are more effective in reducing the global problem of low vision and blindness. 

AI is applied widely in ophthalmology

Screening for diabetic retinopathy is a typical example. For decades, the widespread designation of annual primary screening for diabetic patients has become a challenge because the population is getting older. The application of AI will minimize the need for training of human resources while expanding access to patients. Many AI devices are now able to expand the screening of DR in eye clinics and eye care facilities. 

AI in clinical decision making

With the rapid development of technology, the amount of new information from researches is increasing day by day. It is estimated that the amount of medical information has doubled every three years. As a result, a doctor who wants to update all medical information and new knowledge must read at least 29 hours per day. In addition, big data, sociology, and lifestyle data would not be useful without being fully analyzed. It includes data from electronic health records, omic data – genetic data, proteomics, and metabolomics data. 

The only solution to be able to access and use a huge amount of information in the medical field is to use artificial intelligence technology. IBM Watson is one of the leading systems that support healthcare with AI. It helps doctors in making effective decisions. With the ability of machine learning and natural language processing, this system helps doctors review the patient’s electronic health records and update treatment guidance information from medical research.   

Applications of AI in disease diagnosis

Because health records are unstructured, an estimated 80% of health data is invisible to current systems. IBM Watson for Health uses cognitive technology to help healthcare facilities unlock a large amount of health data and increase diagnostic accuracy. Moreover, Watson can also review and store more medical information. It can not only store data but also has the ability to find meaning in those data. 

AI can support doctors in disease diagnosis

Unlike humans, its decisions are evidence-based and have no cognitive bias or overconfidence, allowing for quick analysis and greatly reducing, even eliminating misdiagnosis. Google’s DeepMind Health is working with clinicians, researchers, and patients to solve real-world healthcare problems. This technology combines machine learning and neuroscience to build multipurpose learning algorithms with neural networks that mimic the human brain.  

Apply AI in treatment

Apart from scanning health records to help providers identify individuals with chronic illnesses at risk for an adverse disease, AI can give clinicians an approach to managing the disease, have better care plans and help patients better manage and follow the long-term treatment program. AiCure has built an application to help chronic patients follow their medication. 

This application uses an image recognition system to identify a patient’s face, type of medication they take and confirm medication intake. The data is then sent back to the care provider or to a pharmaceutical company that is conducting the clinical trial. 

In the medical industry, AI tools can assist healthcare staff to deliver services more quickly, diagnose problems, and analyze data to identify trends and genetic information. The application of AI in healthcare is constantly developing by software companies. It can be predicted that AI technology will continue to develop in the near future to contribute to medicine worldwide. 

How does racism affect physical and mental health?

Meta: Racism is not a new issue in the society and people still find it hard to handle. In this article, we will learn about how racism affects physical and mental health.

Keyword: racism affects physical and mental health

————————

In this society, you can witness racism anywhere, mostly targeting BIPOC. It is true that racism can affect people’s health, both physically and mentally. Read on for more details. 

How does racism affect physical health?

Since racism is one of the biggest social issues today, there have been many studies about how racism is associated with physical and mental health. First of all, we will discuss its effects on the physical health of adults. 

Racism affects physical and mental health

When experiencing racism, people will have poorer physical health. The main reason is because racism causes stress on adults which relates to long lasting physical effects. In particular, stress can develop health conditions as it elevates blood pressure and weakens your immune system. 

People who have to experience racism will have higher rates of stress. There are numbers showing that Black people have hypertension more than any other group.

In addition to causing stress, racism can also lead to unhealthy behaviors such as smoking, using drugs, alcohol and many more. These are risks to physical health. 

Besides, African American people have their inflammation increased due to racism, which then raises the risk of developing chronic conditions such as kidney disease or heart disease. It will also affect their sleep and physiological functioning in midlife.

For children, racism is associated with poorer birth outcomes. Mothers who have to experience unfair treatment due to color are more likely to have babies with a low birth weight. This, of course, will cause more health problems when they grow up. Also, because they have to face with racism and discrimination in their lives, they will have similar risks of health conditions when they become adults. 

How does racism affect mental health?

It is obvious that racism affects physical and mental health. However, it affects mental health much more than physical health. People who experience racism have to experience some mental health issues, such as depression, stress, anxiety, emotional distress, PTSD and even suicidal thoughts.

People who experience racism will be depressed

There has been researches on relationships between racial discrimination and depression and anxiety. One doesn’t necessarily have to experience or witness racism to have those issues. But just the fear of it is enough to be harmful. Those feelings make you lose hope and motivation. In addition, verbal and physical assault can cause PTSD.

Racism also has strong effects on the well-being of young people. Children and young people who have had racism experiences in life would have mental health conditions like depression, anxiety, PTSD and grief. 

In addition, witnessing racism has the same mental effects on children as experiencing it. Due to these intense stresses caused by racism, their brains won’t develop properly. They might also have negative emotions such as fear and those feelings will impact learning and memory.

How to be healthy while facing racism?

It is unfair for people to carry the burden of coping with racism and its effects to physical and mental health. As this is an ongoing issue, we need to find the way to live happily with it. Fortunately, there are certain factors that can support people to cope with the negative effects of racism.

Open up about experiences of racism with others

If you talk about your racist experiences with friends, family members or anyone around you, you can process feelings of stress, anger, and frustration. On the other hand, if you ignore them and decide to bottle up, racism might win.

Foster a strong sense of racial identity

People who had a strong sense about their racial identity were less likely to be distressed by racism. Therefore, their physical and mental health are less likely to be affected by it. With that being said, one needs to have a well-developed sense of ethnic or racial identity. Therefore, they can reduce the effects of racism. 

Look for a strong support network with friends and family

Experiencing an unfair treatment is always bad, but if you have a group of people that you can talk to and ask for support, advice, and comfort, you will feel much better. This support network can help you cope with racial discrimination and combat depression quicker than any medicine. You will be encouraged and your negative thoughts and feelings will be reduced. There will be no chance that racism affects physical and mental health.